For decades CO2 has been injected into depleted oil fields. 
There are 75 large scale CCS projects in the world today.
The US currently has 4,000 miles of CO2 pipeline.

Carbon Capture and Storage and the Need for Zero Carbon Fossil Fuels


Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is one of the most important technologies for averting the worst aspects of climate change. That’s because fossil fuel use is growing worldwide, not declining:


  • In the last few years alone, China has built more new coal plants than exist across the United States.  By 2015, China will have more than three times more coal plants than the United States.


  • In a 2012 International Energy Agency (IEA) report, the IEA predicts that fossil fuels will account for 59% of the overall increase in worldwide energy demand between 2009 and 2035.


  • Natural gas use in the United States will increase as a result of recent development of “unconventional gas” deposits.


At the same time, the urgency of addressing climate change is growing. According to NASA, the average global surface temperature in 2012 was the ninth warmest since 1880. The finding continues a trend in which nine of the 10 warmest years in the modern meteorological record have occurred since the year 2000. As a consequence of warming, the Earth’s climate is changing. Measurements in the last few years show record loss of Arctic sea ice. Within the next 10-20 years, the Arctic Ocean could be ice-free in the summer. Ice sheets and glaciers are melting, and the global sea level has risen. Recent projections show a long-term average global tempreture increase of 3.6C.


These facts underscore the need for CCS.  It’s effective because it can capture up to 90% of the CO2 from these major coal and gas sources.  The technology is scalable, and its individual components have been available for decades.


But for CCS technology to become widely used, regulations that limit carbon dioxide must be adopted for plants that use coal and gas.  And for all its benefits, CCS and other low-carbon technologies like nuclear and wind, cost more than near term electricity production prices.  This web site describes technological status and costs of each of its components, the policies needed to advance CCS, and the global strategy needed to lower CCS costs.


The Clean Air Task Force is an independent environmental organization not funded by industry or government. Our Fossil Transition Project provides objective analysis of fossil policy and technology, and advances environmentally responsible fossil fuel policy, focusing on the advancement of carbon capture, utlilization and storage.



Kurt Waltzer testimony before U.S. House Subcommittees on Enviroment and Energy

Kurt Waltzer, Managing Director of Clean Air Task Force, defends EPA draft legislation to limit carbon emissions.

Kurt Waltzer testifies